Robert Oppenheimer was an American theoretical physicist born on April 22, 1904, in New York City, USA.
He is best known for his leadership as the scientific director of the Manhattan Project during World War II.
Oppenheimer played a crucial role in the development of the first atomic bomb, which was successfully tested in 1945.
He attended Harvard University and received his Ph.D. in physics from the University of Göttingen in Germany.
Oppenheimer's research focused on quantum mechanics and astrophysics before his involvement in the Manhattan Project.
He was deeply influenced by Eastern philosophies, particularly Hindu scriptures and Bhagavad Gita.
After World War II, Oppenheimer became an advocate for international control of nuclear weapons to prevent global devastation.
He was appointed as the chairman of the General Advisory Committee of the United States Atomic Energy Commission.
Oppenheimer faced controversy during the Cold War when he was accused of being a security risk due to his past associations with leftist organizations.